Diabetics often experience a number of potential complications from diabetes including vision loss (retinopathy), kidney damage (nephropathy) and sensation loss in the feet (neuropathy).
Diabetics have become predisposed to these conditions due to their sugar routinely falling outside the normal range. The primary way to prevent these complications from occurring is to ensure adequate control of blood glucose levels.
Early signs of diabetic complications related to foot care involve formation of calluses and/or ulcers or sores on the skin, cracks in the skin, and development of deformed toes, feet and/or ankles. Diabetics are also prone to developing circulation disorders that reduce blood flow to the foot over the course of several years. This may be characterized by dryness of the skin, loss of hair on the toes, as well as cracking of the skin and ulcer formation.
Diabetics are advised to have their feet examined by a podiatrist on an annual basis and to maintain regular visits with their primary care physician or endocrinologist to ensure their sugar levels are within a normal range.
Diabetics are advised to examine their feet on a nightly basis to ensure there is no formation of redness or drainage on either of their feet or toes, any discoloration or irritation in between the toes, and any callus or breakdown of the skin on either the top or bottom of the feet.
One of the very common recommendations by podiatrists for diabetics is orthotics or shoe inserts. Orthotics are used for diabetics to help reduce the amount of pressure on specific portions of the foot to prevent breakdown of the skin. Most insurance plans will cover orthotics for diabetic patients.
If you suffer from foot pain, give us a call at 270-684-5252.
Dr Block is an excellent podiatrist. The staff is friendly and very professional.